Tracing escaped farmed salmon

Physical marking of farmed salmon and DNA tracing will now be tested as a combined method to find out if a given salmon in the sea or river is an escaped farmed salmon and, if so, which fish farm it comes from.

Spotting the difference between an escaped farmed salmon and a wild salmon is not always easy. But physical marking, such as clipping the adipose fin, freeze branding or colour marking of all farmed salmon, will show whether a salmon has escaped or not, without using time and money on DNA testing.

“The aim is that we can quickly and with a high level of certainty trace escaped farmed salmon back to their owner or the company responsible,” says Matt Baranski, Scientist at the food research institute Nofima.

In order to go to the fish farm where the farmed salmon is from, we need to make a detour via the genes of the salmon’s parents.

Following the gene trail
By using DNA markers, the scientists want to record the genotypes of the parents of all farmed salmon.

The parents of the farmed salmon may be found at the breeding company’s roe producers, where a male salmon is crossed with one or more female salmon. The offspring of each specific set of parents has a unique DNA profile, and by sending all fertilised eggs from one set of parents or parental group to a smolt producer along with a certificate of traceability, all fish from each smolt producer can receive a unique DNA profile. This will follow the fish when it is later transferred to a sea cage. The DNA profile will be stored in a national database so that the fish in the cage do not need to be tested in the event of suspicion of escaping.

If an escaped fish is captured, genotyping should reveal the correct parental match and therefore the responsible company.

The scientists will develop and test these methods on a pilot scale for a two-year period to ascertain whether it is feasible.

The industry’s initiative
They will also undertake a thorough analysis to determine how much implementing such a traceability system for the entire aquaculture industry will cost. The research is being funded by the Fishery and Aquaculture Industry Research Fund (FHF).

Is the aquaculture industry also willing to pay for a system in which it may be identified as the origin of the escape?

“Through the so-called Environmental initiative, the Norwegian Seafood Federation (FHL) wishes in 2012 to establish a system to trace any escaped fish back to the company it escaped from,” says R & D Director, Aquaculture at FHF, Kjell Maroni.

“This is an extremely ambitious goal, and FHF wished through the announcement of research on marking and tracing to strengthen the knowledge base in order to make the best possible choice of methods. Six projects are now being started that will make a major contribution of knowledge, and contribute in all likelihood to a step-by-step development.”

If everything goes as Maroni wishes, in 2014 we will have a cost-efficient, reliable and rapid method to find the origin of escaped farmed salmon.

Scientists from Nofima are leading one of the projects using DNA markers as a tracing tool, in collaboration with the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA) and research institutions in Australia and the Netherlands. The project is coordinated towards a similar project at the Norwegian School of Veterinary Science.

Related news

Latest news

USCG confirms OPtimarin in Line for Ballast Water Approval

The United States Coast Guard (USCG) has confirmed that Norwegian ballast water treatment specialist Optimarin has become the first supplier to submit an application for type approval.

New order for Servogear

Servogear announces that they have received a new order from Brødrene Aa. 

Norwater AS reports boost in sales

The Norwater team reports of great interest and busy days in 2016. In a press release, they state that as of the first 8 months of the year, 2016 sales are already beyond target for the year as a whole.

Gaia-facts reaching ground control

The European Space Agency (ESA) has released the first data from the Gaia mission, which has the tremendous task of building the most precise 3D map of the Milky Way.

Polish delegation for Norwegian circular waste management

Against the background of the EU's ambitious waste management targets, Norwegian and Polish stakeholders met on Wednesday 14 September in Drammen.

Milestone at Mongstad Water Treatment Plant

SAR AS reports that an extensive upgrade to the water treatment plant at Mongstad reached a new milestone July. 

Servogear signs new contract with Özata Shipyard

Servogear has announced the signing of a new contract with Özata Shipyard in Turkey. The contract includes the delivery of Servogear Ecoflow PropulsorTMfor two 39 meter passenger catamarans (YN 41 & YN 42).

Statoil and Petrobras strengthen strategic partnership

Statoil reports that they have strengthened their cooperation in Brazil by signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Petrobras.

TechInvent and Island Offshore/Centrica announced winners of ONS Innovation Award

TechInvent and Island Offshore/Centrica were announced winners of the ONS 2016 Innovation Awards, at the Innovation Awards Ceremony Tuesday 30 August.