India’s dynamic technology circles make attractive partners for their Norwegian counterparts in the research and business sectors.
Norwegian Minister of Research and Higher Education Tora Aasland visited India in 2011. Here with Director-General of Indian Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) Dr Rajendra K Pachauri and India’s Minister of Water Resources Shri Salman Khurshid. (Photo: Karin Stenstrup, Ministry of Education and Research)
Norway’s participation in research cooperation with India is administered primarily by the Research Council’s Programme for Research Cooperation with India (INDNOR).
Exciting project collaboration
In 2011 the Research Council announced funding for cooperative projects on clean energy and carbon capture and storage (CCS) under the auspices of the INDNOR programme and the Large-scale Programme Clean Energy for the Future (RENERGI). The call for proposals required that the projects incorporate both Norwegian and Indian partners who would cooperate on research and development with commercial potential. Thirteen grant applications were received in response to the call.
“The applications showed that broad-based cooperation between Norwegian and Indian research circles already exists, which bodes well for future cooperation. The three projects that will now receive funding are in the areas of geology and wave energy. All of them have great potential for technological breakthroughs and commercial applications in both countries,” says Rune Volla, Director of the Department for Energy under the Division for Energy, Resources and the Environment at the Research Council.
The projects have been granted a total of NOK 18 million in funding over a three-year period beginning in 2012.
|Project: Fracture and flow in rock
SINTEF Petroleum Research: Fracture and Flow in Porous Media: Application in Geothermal Installation, Hydrocarbon Production and CO2 Storage
Rock far beneath the earth’s surface can be fractured to allow for better flow-through. More fundamental knowledge is the key to environmental applications such as improving the utilisation of terrestrial heat and acquiring more space for CO2 storage. This knowledge will also be useful for extracting more natural gas from the reservoirs.
Headed by SINTEF Petroleum Research, the project will involve theoretical calculations as well as laboratory experiments. The objective is to predict how rock will fracture when liquid is injected into the reservoir. The applications will be relevant for use in both India and Norway.
Other Norwegian partners: Norwegian University of Science and Technology, University of Oslo, Polytec
Indian partners: Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Institute of Mathematical Sciences, S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences
|Project: Wave energy
SINTEF: Wave Energy Converters for Combined Clean Energy and Coastal Protection
Wave energy is a little-used energy resource, due in part to the substantial challenges involved in developing equipment that can tolerate extreme stress. OWC Power has developed a solution incorporating a piston that moves up and down with the waves to drive a turbine.
Under the project, which is headed by the research organisation SINTEF, researchers will perform advanced mathematical calculations and laboratory experiments to find the best solution comprising a wave energy converter with a breakwater.
The results may lead to the generation of more renewable energy along the coast of India.
Other Norwegian partners: OWC Partners AS, Rainpower Technology AS, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Indian partner: Indian Institute of Technology Madras
|Project: Accessing heat in the Himalayas
Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI): Energy from the Lava in the Indian Himalayas (Agneyodgara Urja)
The climate in the Indian Himalayas is warm in the summer and cold in the winter. Under the earth’s surface lies vast reserves of heat that rises to the surface in several hundred hot springs. This holds great potential for heating houses via heat pumps and for storing energy.
Headed by NGI, the project will demonstrate how geothermal energy can be used in practice and how heat can be stored underground. Researchers will conduct extensive tests, drill holes and create a simulation model, as well as perform a life-cycle cost analysis and life-cycle assessment.
Other Norwegian partner: Institute for Energy Technology
Indian partners: Arya Drillers, Complete Instrumentation Solutions Private Limited, National Institute of Technology Hamirpur, Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, SJVN Limited, Panjab University
Other international partner: Iceland GeoSurvey