In cooperation with The Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration and the European Job Mobility Portal:
1. How to find a job in Norway
Most vacancies in Norway are advertised on the Internet. The biggest database of vacancies is the NAV (Norwegian Labour and Welfare Organisation) website. Vacancies in Norway can also be found on the Europaportalen website. Most companies have their own websites. You may find vacancies here which are not advertised anywhere else. Use the Yellow Pages
to find the addresses.
NAV service centre:
Call +47 800 33 166 (Monday – Friday, 08.00 – 18.00) for information on vacancies. This service can also send out job ads that may be of interest, but these are only in Norwegian. Consider what kind of job you want and where in Norway you want to live and work before you make the call.
Most newspapers advertise vacancies. The biggest of these is Aftenposten, and the Sunday edition of this has a separate jobs supplement where all the ads placed over the previous week are listed.
Open job searches:
There is a huge ‘grey market’ for vacancies – vacancies which are not advertised. These vacancies can be found by sending open job applications to the relevant companies. It is important to follow up your application with a telephone call. At Nortrade you can search for Norwegian companies, products and services and Yellow Pages
also provides address information.
NAV services are available from abroad. The job centres in all EU/EEA countries all work together via the EURES network, which is able to provide information on working and living conditions, etc. A jobs database is also available which contains vacancies in Norway and other countries.
You can register with a recruitment agency. These recruit employees for temporary positions in the first instance. A number of them specialise in particular professions and industries. These can be found in Yellow Pages.
© NAV EURES
2. How to apply for a job in Norway
Your application should be typewritten and be no more than two A4 pages long.
Please be aware of the following:
- Read the advertisement carefully, and be sure that you are answering the questions they are asking
- You should state in your application why you are applying for that particular position, or why you are sending an open application.
- Make it clear that you know something about the company and that you have the necessary qualifications for the job, and how you meet their requirements.
- Tell them about your motivation for the job, and ideally explain why you want to move to Norway.
- Companies will always expect to see your CV and references.
- Send your application by post or e-mail.
Your CV should ideally cover one side of A4, adding a photo is not common. It is important to make sure that it contains correct information, is readily legible and typewritten.
Your CV should include the following points:
- Personal details: your name, address, telephone numbers, e-mail address, date of birth, nationality and civil status.
- Training: formal qualifications. If possible, you should state the equivalent Norwegian degree or education levels. It is always useful to explain the main content of the education programmes you followed.
- Work experience: this is an extremely important part of your CV. Include a brief description of each relevant job/position.
- Other qualifications: include verbal and written language skills and IT skills. Mention any positions of trust you have held, and other relevant qualifications.
- Interests: in just a few lines, describe your interests and favourite leisure activities.
- References: it is extremely important to make sure you provide at least two references from your current and/or previous employment, stating their position and telephone number. Ideally, your referees should be able to speak English.
It is important to be aware of the fact that we always start off by listing our latest training and work experience. It is also possible to use a standardised EU CV template known as Europass.
© NAV EURES
3. The documents you need:
- An approved ID card or passport valid for the entire period you intend to remain in Norway.
- A CV translated into Norwegian, or as a minimum into English.
- Testimonials and certificates, ideally translated into Norwegian or English.
- Photocopies of these documents.
- Marriage certificate, and birth certificates for children (if your family has accompanied you to Norway).
You have to have a residence permit if you are going to be working in Norway for more than three months. Apply for a residence permit at your local police station as soon as you have got a job, and within three months at the latest. Take along your passport or an approved ID card, two passport photos and confirmation from your employer.
You have to pay tax to Norway if you work for a Norwegian employer. Take along your ID card or passport and contract of work to the tax office and apply for a tax deduction card. These are then given to your employer.
If you are in employment in Norway and are an EU/EEA citizen, you are covered by sickness insurance along the same lines as every Norwegian employee. You have to register for National Insurance via your employer.
When opening a bank account you have to contact a bank for information and advice. To open an account, you have to have a personal ID number or ‘D number’.
Agree with former employers or colleagues in your country of origin that you will name them as referees. Norwegian employers will normally want to contact them. If they speak English or a Scandinavian language, this is a plus.
Norwegian employers often demand a satisfactory knowledge of Norwegian. You have to assess this and/or decide whether you are willing to learn Norwegian. Individual industries/major corporations use English as their working language, and at these a knowledge of English may suffice.
For more information contact the EURES consultant in your country of origin. EURES consultants can provide you with information on working and living conditions in Norway and on the kind of manpower that Norway particularly needs.
4. Finding accommodation
The cost of accommodation varies widely in Norway, and has gone up a lot over the past few years. The highest prices are in Oslo and its surrounding areas, Bergen and Stavanger. There are more reasonably priced places to live in the big cities if you look outside the central areas.
There are several different ways to live in Norway. You can rent, live in a housing cooperative or buy your own home. The rental market in Norway is small, by far the majority of people own their own home. Houses and apartments are normally advertised in the local press and in the Aftenposten national newspaper. Some newspapers have a housing supplement one day a week, and also place ads for accommodation on the Internet. You can also advertise for accommodation yourself.
Estate agents mostly deal with the sale of houses and apartments, but they also arrange rentals. You can find them in the Yellow Pages under ‘Eiendomsmeklere’
If you want to rent a house or apartment, you should have a rental contract. These contracts are normally valid for a year at a time, with subsequent periods of five years, with mutual entitlement to cancellation. The notice period is normally one month, and as a rule you have to pay a deposit of one to three months’ rent. Your deposit has to be placed in a blocked account. You can buy standard contracts in bookshops, or find them on the Internet, and you can also get them by contacting Leieboerforeningen i Oslo [the Oslo Tenants’ Association]. This is a special interest organisation which acts in the interests of tenants on matters relating to landlords of houses and apartments. Tel.: 23 15 74 00 - Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tip: Ask your future employer whether they can help you to find somewhere to live.
© NAV EURES
5. Movement of goods
The free movement of goods is one of the cornerstones of the European Single Market.
The removal of national barriers to the free movement of goods within the EU is one of the principles enshrined in the EU Treaties. From a traditionally protectionist starting point, the countries of the EU have continuously been lifting restrictions to form a ‘common’ or single market. This commitment to create a European trading area without frontiers has led to the creation of more wealth and new jobs, and has globally established the EU as a world trading player alongside the United States and Japan.
Despite Europe’s commitment to breaking down all internal trade barriers, not all sectors of the economy have been harmonised. The European Union decided to regulate at a European level sectors which might impose a higher risk for Europe’s citizens – such as pharmaceuticals or construction products. The majority of products (considered a ‘lower risk’) are subject to the application of the so-called principle of mutual recognition, which means that essentially every product legally manufactured or marketed in one of the Member States can be freely moved and traded within the EU internal market.
Limits to the free movement of goods
The EU Treaty gives Member States the right to set limits to the free movement of goods when there is a specific common interest such as protection of the environment, citizens’ health, or public policy, to name a few. This means for example that if the import of a product is seen by a Member State’s national authorities as a potential threat to public health, public morality or public policy, it can deny or restrict access to its market. Examples of such products are genetically modified food or certain energy drinks.
Even though there are generally no limitations for the purchase of goods in another Member State, as long as they are for personal use, there is a series of European restrictions for specific categories of products, such as alcohol and tobacco.
© NAV EURES
6. Movement of capital
Another essential condition for the functioning of the internal market is the free movement of capital. It is one of the four basic freedoms guaranteed by EU legislation and represents the basis of the integration of European financial markets. Europeans can now manage and invest their money in any EU Member State.
The liberalisation of capital markets has marked a crucial point in the process of economic and monetary integration in the EU. It was the first step towards the establishment of our European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and the common currency, the Euro.
The principle of the free movement of capital not only increases the efficiency of financial markets within the Union, it also brings a series of advantages to EU citizens. Individuals can carry out a broad number of financial operations within the EU without major restrictions. For instance, individuals with few restrictions can
- easily open a bank account,
- buy shares
- invest, or
- purchase real estate
in another Member State. EU Companies can invest in, own and manage other European enterprises.
Certain exceptions to this principle apply both within the Member States and with third countries. They are mainly related to taxation, prudential supervision, public policy considerations, money laundering and financial sanctions agreed under the EU Common Foreign and Security Policy.
The European Commission is continuing to work on the completion of the free market for financial services, by implementing new strategies for financial integration in order to make it even easier for citizens and companies to manage their money within the EU.