The total energy consumption in Norway fell by 5 per cent from 2010 to 2011. The reduction was especially high in households and services, Statistics Norway (SSB) reports.
Within households and services, energy consumption fell by about 12 per cent from 2010 to 2011. Fuel wood, oil, electricity and district heating were all reduced.
The drop in energy consumption in 2011 must be seen in connection with the fact that it was much warmer in 2011 than in 2010. 2011 was one of the warmest years on record, at 1.8 o C above the normal temperature for the period 1961-1990, while 2010 was the coldest year since 1985. This resulted in a record high consumption in 2010. In 2011, the energy consumption came to about 768 petajoule in total, excluding energy used as raw materials. This is about the same level as energy consumption in the past decade.
The households and services together consumed about 270 petajoule of energy in 2011. This makes up 35 per cent of the total energy consumption. In these groups, the energy consumption depends more on the outdoor temperature than other groups such as transport and industries, which are more dependent on economic growth and activity level.
The main part of the oil and gas produced in Norway is exported, but the domestic use of natural gas has increased somewhat, both for final consumption and electricity production. While consumption of most energy products fell in 2011, the use of natural gas rose by 11 per cent from the previous year. The increase was most significant for industry and transport purposes. The establishment of gas power plants, among other places on Mongstad, Melkøya and Naturkraft, has meant greater use of natural gas for electricity production. For reasons of profitability, and due to temporary production stoppages at the plants, both the gas power production and the gas consumption fell somewhat in 2011.