The primary objective of the Programme for Environmental Research for a Green Transition (MILJØFORSK) is to strengthen the knowledge base for sustainable development and the transition to a green society.
The MILJØFORSK programme is the Research Council’s primary environmental research initiative, and encompasses the land-based environment, fresh water and air. The programme will generate new knowledge about biodiversity, cultural environments, ecosystem services, hazardous substances and pollution, among other topics. It will also study pressures on the environment and the relationships between social and natural drivers/responses and measures. In addition, the programme will generate more knowledge about key environmental challenges and provide the government administration, trade and industry, and society at large with a better foundation on which to take decisions to promote a green transition.
Environmental research extends across every aspect of society and targets major, complex issues that require an interdisciplinary approach. The MILJØFORSK programme is designed to expand the scope of research on the environment and society, and thus will view the environment as a challenge, a resource base and a competitive opportunity, in which ecological and social processes interact. Similarly, the concept of sustainability incorporates ecological, economic, social, technological and cultural dimensions.
The MILJØFORSK programme will facilitate closer dialogue between knowledge producers and various user and interest groups. The programme seeks to strengthen the development of knowledge of relevance to the government administration and trade and industry and will promote wider cooperation and integration between the environmental sector and various users in the public and private sectors.
The MILJØFORSK programme builds on and designates priorities on the basis of an extensive research-based knowledge base. The programme addresses the most pressing national and global environmental challenges, categorising them into three thematic priority areas:
1. Resources, effects and environmental goods;
2. Changes and utilisation;
3. Solutions for societal transition.
The knowledge challenges in these thematic priority areas are further classified into 11 research areas in the work programme. The thematic priority areas and research areas are interrelated, sharing a set of general underlying perspectives. It is a stated objective that research under the programme will link together elements from all three of these thematic priority areas in order to satisfy complex knowledge needs.