Facts & Figures

Norway, a constitutional democracy in Northern Europe, has a population of 5.07 millions. Norway has an extensive coastline of 25 148 km, and is famous for nature attractions like fjords, mountains and midnight sun.

Official name

Kingdom of Norway

System of government

Constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy

Head of State

Harald V, King of Norway

Head of Government

Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg


385,186 square kilometres


5, 077, 798 inhabitants (1 July 2012)

Largest cities

Oslo (capital), Bergen, Trondheim, Stavanger


Norwegian (the two forms bokmål and nynorsk) and Sami (official language in six municipalities)


Church of Norway (Protestant Christianity) 78%; Catholic 1.3%; Pentecostal Christian 0.8%; other Christian 3.5%; Muslim 2.0%; other, none, or unknown 14.4%

National day

17 May (1814, Constitution Day)


Norwegian kroner (NOK)

1 kroner = 100 øre
1 EUR = NOK 8.39,
1 USD = NOK 6.16 (July 2014)

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The Fishy Biotech Future

There is something fishy about two of the Research Council’s six large projects under the new strategic initiative “Digital Life.”

Engineering Nanoparticles to Boost Oil

Norwegian scientists are combining nanotechnology with petroleum research to enhance recovery. In the future, even nanoparticles from trees could squeeze out more oil.

Ship Energy Efficiency: The Fourth Wave

Shipping has seen three waves of energy efficiency trends since 2007. The latest buzz is the Big Data revolution.

Sustainable Fish Farming Solutions: From Feed to Egg

The challenge of rising fish feed and sea lice costs is stimulating new sustainable technology solutions in Norwegian aquaculture. In the future, producers might raise salmon in egg-shaped offshore farms.

Standardization Key During Low Oil Price

The Norwegian petroleum industry is focusing on standardized solutions, inspired by Formula One and Lego, to help tackle rising field development costs.

Blue Growth for a Green Future

The Norwegian government recently launched its new maritime strategy “Blue Growth for a Green Future” aimed at keeping the country’s second largest export industry competitive and sustainable.

New Development Licenses Spur Ocean Farming

Norway has initiated free development licenses to spur new technology concepts to tackle the aquaculture industry’s acreage and environmental challenges. Many of the applicants are innovative ocean farms.

Bucking the trend: Norwegian Shelf Still Attractive

The Norwegian Continental Shelf continues to be attractive even amidst the low oil price environment. Statoil’s giant Johan Sverdrup oil field development is just the latest example.